P0118 – Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, & Fixes
Code P0118 Definition
Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Circuit High Open Problem
What Does P0118 Mean?
The engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor monitors the fluctuations in the temperature of the engine coolant. This ratio is sent to the ECM, which uses this data to regulate the air to fuel ratio, cooling fans, and ignition spark timing needed by both the engine and the emission control systems. Code P0118 is the result of the ECT sensor indicating a high voltage input from the coolant temperature circuit.
- Check engine light
- Rough engine performance
- Lower fuel economy
*No noticeable adverse conditions in some cases
- Rusted Engine Coolant
- Frayed ECT wiring
- Malfunctioning ECT Sensor
- Open in ground circuit of ECT sensor
- Faulty ECM
Code P0118 Severity – Severe
This trouble code will put your vehicle into a failsafe mode, which may cause your car’s engine to hesitate and run rough until the engine reaches optimal operating temperature. Other characteristics of the failsafe mode may include lowered fuel economy, increased emissions, and other driving inconveniences. We recommend getting maintenance immediately as these conditions, if unattended for extended periods of time, may cause further damage to your vehicle.
Code P0118 Common Diagnosis Mistakes
Prematurely replacing the ECT sensor before attempting to visually inspect the surrounding wiring, as it is often the cooling system that is the primary source of the issue.
- Tools Needed to Diagnose:
Difficulty of Diagnosis and Repair
- Check to see if there are any other codes along with P0118 and clear your Check Engine Light with FIXD.
- Check the freeze frame data for the ECT sensor to pinpoint the issue.
- Disconnect the ECT sensor and check the circuit wiring for fraying or disconnection.
- If there is no disconnection in the wires, connect the two connector pins together and use scanning tool to check temperature.
- If the scanning tool shows a temperature above 284 degrees Fahrenheit, the circuit could have a short in the wiring, the connectors, or possibly a faulty ECT sensor.
- Consider replacing ECT sensor if the check-engine light persists.