P0457 – Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, & Fixes
Code P0457 Definition
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Control System Leak Detected
What Does P0457 Mean?
The Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Control System is in vehicles to prevent the emissions of fuel vapor (hydrocarbons) into the atmosphere. The EVAP system communicates with the PCM and when there is a vacuum leak in the system, there are one of three codes that can be triggered: P0455, P0456, or P0457 depending on the severity of the leak. When the trouble code P0457 is set, there is a large leak in the EVAP system.
- Check Engine Light
- Lower fuel economy
- Loose or damaged gas cap
- Faulty or stuck vent control valve
- Faulty or stuck purge valve
- Cracked or disconnected EVAP hose
- Cracked or damaged charcoal canister
Code P0457 Severity – Moderate
Although there are no immediate drivability issues of the trouble code P0457, this is the largest vacuum leak of the three (P0455, P0456, P0457). It depends on where the issue is coming from in the EVAP system but this could lead to larger leaks and more issues in the future.
Code P0457 Common Diagnosis Mistakes
Many people fail to follow the full diagnostic test and can underpay or even overpay for their solution. Fuel caps ($) are the easy fix with a run to your local auto repair shop, but people sometimes neglect the possibility of other components it might possibly be which are more costly ($$).
Difficulty of Diagnosis and Repair – (1-4)
- Scan your vehicle to verify P0457 is the only code present. If other codes are present, they must be addressed first.
- If you have code P0440, P0455, or P0456, the cause of the codes is most likely a solenoid failure, or a more complex system leak. These issues must be addressed first.
- Check your gas cap to check if it is loose or damaged
- If your gas cap is loose, tighten it and clear the code.
- Inspect your gas cap for physical damage or deterioration. However, it should be noted that damage to the gas cap or deterioration of its components are not always noticeable. If your gas cap was not loose and you do not see any indications of failure, try replacing the gas cap anyways and clearing the codes. Gas caps are relatively inexpensive and are usually the fix for code P0455.
- Check for cracked or disconnected EVAP hoses near or connected to engine air box
- Replace cracked/disconnected hoses
- Clear code*
- If you would like to test the EVAP system yourself, check out Part 1 and Part 2 of these videos for a visual reference.
*If code returns, you will need to be given further diagnostics at a mechanic. More diagnostic steps could require electrical testing of the purge and vent control valves for proper operation. It may also require a smoke machine test to detect and find a leak in the system.