P0449 – Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, & Fixes
Code P0449 Definition
Evaporative System (EVAP) Vent Control Circuit Malfunction
Code P0449 Meaning
The Evaporative Emission Control (EVAP) System seals the fuel system of the vehicle in order to prevent fuel vapors from the fuel tank and fuel system from escaping into the atmosphere. This is important because fuel vapors contain a variety of hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons form smog when they react with air and sunlight. Gasoline evaporates very quickly, so if the fuel system is open to the atmosphere, a vehicle can pollute 24 hours per day without even being turned on.When the trouble code P0449 is set, this is an indication of the EVAP system vent valve solenoid malfunctioning which results in more hydrocarbons being expelled into the atmosphere.
Symptoms of Code P0449
- Check Engine Light
- No noticeable drivability issues
- Fuel vapor odor
Causes of Code P0449
- Missing gas cap
- Damaged/Defective gas cap
- Torn/Damaged EVAP system hoses
- Faulty electrical connection
- Damaged carbon canister
- Damaged/Defective fuel tank
- Defective evaporative vent valve
Code P0449 Severity – Low
Code P0449 does not pose any serious danger to the driver or the vehicle and there are no drivability issues that may occur. However as the case with all Check Engine Light codes, it should be fixed as soon as possible to prevent any further damage to your vehicle.
Code P0449 Common Diagnosis Mistakes
Replacing the gas cap without checking the EVAP vent valve solenoid.
Code P0449 Diagnosis Steps
Tools Needed to Diagnose:
How To Diagnose P0449
- Inspect your gas cap to see if it is loose or damaged
- If your gas cap is loose, tighten it and clear the code.
- Inspect your gas cap for physical damage or deterioration. However, it should be noted that damage to the gas cap or deterioration of its components are not always noticeable. If your gas cap was not loose and you do not see any indications of failure, try replacing the gas cap anyways and clearing the codes. Gas caps are relatively inexpensive and are often the fix for code P0449.
- Check for cracked or disconnected EVAP hoses near or connected to engine air box
- Replace cracked/disconnected hoses
- Clear code
- Inspect the fuel tank and charcoal canister for damage and leaks. Replace if necessary.
- Check your canister vent valve to test for power in the canister vent solenoid.
- Check out this video for a visual reference.
- There is a two-wire connector that represents positive and negative charges. Use your multimeter to test that there is power going through each of the probed wires (2).
- If there is power going to one and not the other then you have found the issue. You will need to replace the vent valve solenoid. NOTE: When you buy your vent valve solenoid remember to buy a wire harness converter (not included) that will connect with your car.
- If these steps do not clear your Check Engine Light, you may need to visit a mechanic because there may be internal electrical issues.